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Sundial signed: 'Gedaen in Strien. 1659 - I.D.Vos Inventor' (Made in Stijen, I.D.Vos Inventor)

On the winterside are the epacts for the years 1653 - 1672. The epact is reckoned as the age of the ecclesiastical moon on 1 January. Its principal use is in determining the date of Easter.
The angle of the sun and the horizon is used to tell the time on a given date.

diameter 52 mm, brass
3474
I.D. Vos, Strien (Strijen)
1659


2850
Johan Strettegger, Augsburg


2822
Delure a Paris


2835
Le Maire Fils, a Paris


2760
Babinet
1800-1850

Hemelplein or planisphere. Paper on ca. 3.5 mm wood.
Stereographic designed and drawn by F. kaiser, Professor in Leiden
Engraved by Van Baarsel and Tuyn.
Published by C.G. Sulpke. Amsterdam 1853
49 x 49 cm
2700
F. Kaiser, hoogleraar te Leiden
1853

ivory Nuremberg diptych sundial by Lienhart Miller 1619
Different spellings of his name:
First name: Leonhard, Leonhard, Lienhart, Linhard, Linhart, Lenhart
Last name: Miller, Miler, Milner, Mieler, Müller
Or only LM, IM, HM
Miller only build ivory sundials from circa 1602 to 1651 (married in 1594 and 1596, died 1653)
Most sundial are signed with first name, last name and year of making.
There are four different versions of his mark, a fleur-de-lys

96 x 56 x 16 mm in old leather sheath.
2540
Lienhart Miller (Milner), Nürnberg, Germany
1619

Antique apparatus for the laws of refraction, reflection and total reflection made by Max Kohl in Chemnitz.
The last picture shows this apparatus in an early 20th century catalog (with complete circle)
2473
€ 450,-
Max Kohl, Chemnitz
1900-1920

Universal equinoctial dial by Nicolaus Rugendas (III), Augsburg for latitudes 30-65 North.
Round silver case containing the silver dial which has a gilded brass hour-circle and gnomon.
The front and back of the case are engraved with laurel wreaths, within which is contained a table of latitudes comprising cities and tables in Europe. The dial-plate is silver and engraved with leaves and has a circular pattern around the compass. The latitude scale is engraved on a small circle and divided anticlockwise. There is a rotatable index arm attached to the centre of this circle, which is linked to a cam and spring mechanism for setting the angle of the hour circle, the latitude. The compass, also silver is set into the dial-plate. The cardinal points are marked in Latin initials and the magnetic variation is marked at 11 degrees West of North (for ca. 1710). The needle is blued, in the form of an arrow and surmounted by a brass pyramidal pivot and covered with a glass plate. The hour-circle is spring-loaded, hinged and made of gilt-brass with silver inset in its inner rim. It is engraved with hours and numbered clockwise 3-12, 1-9. A pivoted, turned gilt-brass strut across the East-West diameter supports the rod gnomon, which has a weight at one end. When a small button is pressed near the 40 of the latitude-dial the hour-circle and the gnomon are set in position (the gnomon by its contra weight). When the hour-circle is pushed back the gnomon also goes to the transport position. In the other half of the silver case is a silver moon-dial and a gilded turnable disc and are used to read the time on the moon-dial when there is enough light from the moon.

Latitude table top:
Elevation Poli - Jerusalem 32 - Napoli (Naples) 41 - Madrit (Madrid), Roma (Rome)42 - Constan (Constantinople) 43 - Genua (Genoa), Grüchichio(Belgrade) 44 Venetig (Venetie), Florenz (Florence) 45 - Lion, Trient (Trento) 46 - Zürch, Graz, Ofen(Budapest) 47 - Augsp, Wien, Strasburg, Salzb, Paris 48 - Nürnb, Regensp, Würzb, Heidelberg 49
 
Latitude table bottom:
Frankfurt à Main, Prag, Cracovia (Krakow), Mainz, Cassel 50 - Leipzig, Dresden, Breslau, Cöllen (Colone) 51 - Berlin, Ambster, London 52 - Lüneburg 53 - Hamburg, Danzig (Gdansk) 44 - Coppens (Kopenhagen) 56 - Stockho 60, 
Nicolaus Rugendas Augu.

In the collection of the National Maritime Museum in Greenwich is an almost similar dial, without the moondial,  from Johann Martin, Augsburg.  (See Sundials at Greenwich, page. 137).
Other similar sundials, see: Alt-Augsburger Kompassmacher (Maximilian Bobinger, 1966)
Johann Martin. Seite 156
Nikolaus Rügendes. Seite 161
Philipp Pepfenhauser, Frankfurt. Seite 165
Johann Martin. Seite 270

Diameter: 43 mm, hoogte: 14 mm

Rugendas (Rugitas, Rugendaß, Rugedaß, Rugendasch, Rugidaß)

Nikolaus Rugendas I. clockmaker, 1582-1658
Nikolaus Rugendas II. clockmaker, 1619-1695
Nikolaus Rugendas III. watchmaker-, sundial maker, 1665-1745
2184
SOLD
Nicolaus Rugendas, Augsburg
ca. 1710

Electro-Ballistic-Apparatus invented by Major Navez and Colonel Leurs  from the Belgium artillery and made by Joseph Jaspar (electricien and industrial -Ateliers Jaspar-, 1823-1899) in Liège, before 1860.
For measuring the speed of projectiles (round shots, musket balls, mortar shells)
included is a recent french copy of the 1859 bookwork, INSTRUCTION sur L'APPAREIL ÉLECTRO-BALLISTIQUE (190 pages) and a copy from the 1860 translation in english by lieutenant-colonel C.W. Younghusband of the Royal Artillery (61 pages).
in good working condition (ca. 3 Volt).
1844
Navez-Leurs made by J. Jaspar a Liège
ca. 1850

Stripped Wimshurst machine, ca. 1900. Restoration object.
8600
Wimshurst influenzmachine incompleet
ca. 1900

Antique ivory Nurnberg diptych sundial by Hans Troschel, dated twice 1617

Hans Troschel the elder, born 1549 (worked from 1578-1612) used the trush on a twig as makers mark  (2 versions are known), his son, Hans Troschel the younger worked from 1616-1631 had a six-pointed star as master mark. Hans Troschel the younger also used the master mark of his father.
The sundial has 2 trush on a twig master marks on side 2B. The diptych dial is dated twice 1617. 1st: The gilded lunar volvelle on side 1B has the text: & HORA NOCTIS 1617, and on side 1A: HORA PLANETARIA 1617.
Other text find on side 1A: HORAE ORTIS & OCCASVS (hours starting at & hours settings), MONSTRO FERRO PROPINQVV HORAS NON IVSTE (I do not show the right hour nearby iron), SVA QVENQE ALIT ARS.
Text on side 1B: SIMPLIC EST SIGIL:VERITAS, CHARVM EST QVOD RARVM EST
Text on side 2A: TEMPORE OMNIA MVTANTVR, SAPIENS IN SE OMNEM, HABET SVBSTANTIAM
text on side 2B: CIVITAT & OPPIDA INSIGNIORA (remarkable cities and regions), LABORE OMNIA FLORENT (Everything prospers through effort).
Cities on side 2B:
31 - HIEROSOLYM  -  Jerusalem, 65 - ISLANDIA  -  IJsland, 37	- EPHESVS  -  ancient Greek city on the coast of Ionia, 42 - ROMA ITALI - Rome, 47 - ORLIENS  -  Orléans, 49 - NORIBERGA -  Nürnberg, 51 - ISLEBIA - Eisleben, 42 - MARSILIA -  Marseille, 45 - VENETIA -  Venetie, 37 - SICILIA -  Sicily, 39 - TOLETVM -  Toledo, 48 - RATISBONA -  Regensburg, 51 - OXONIVM - Oxford, 53 - STETINVM  -  Stettin (polen), 11 - CALECVTVM, 57 - HYEERNIA, 51 - ERPHORDIA -  Erfurt, 39 - LISIBONA	-  Lisabon, 40 - NEAPOLOS - Napels, 52 - OSNABVRGVM - Osnabruck, 43 - RAVENNA - Ravenna (noord Italië), 46 - NIPONS, 50 - PRAGA  - Praag, 52 - EMBECKA, 35 - RHODVS - Rhodos, 37 - GRANATA - Granada, 31 - ALEXANDRI  - Alexandria, 35 - FAMAGVSTA - Famagusta (Cyprus)

Dimensions: 63 x 90 x 18 mm

Zinner und Doppelmayr: Troschel sundials are unsurpassed.
1420
SOLD
Hans Troschel, Nürnberg
1617

Levelingboussole of the 'Archief van Oorlog', made by J.M. Kleman & Zoon, Koninklijke Instrumentmakers.

Zeer kompleet instrument in mahonie houten kistje met de markering D.G.10
4 onderdelen in het kistje zijn eveneens gemerkt met: D.G. Nr. 10 B.1. 
De messing grondplaat van het kompas heeft ook een stempel van het Archief van Oorlog (AvO). Centrum en gradenverdeling verzilverd.
De firma J.M. Kleman & Zoon werd Koninklijk in 1809 en het -Archief van Oorlog- werd in 1815 de Topografische Dienst.
Deze boussole is dus gemaakt in de periode 1809-1815.
Mahonie kistje: L x B x H = 19 x 17 x 8,5 cm

Uit
1177
J.M. Kleman & Zoon, Koninklijke Instrumentmakers
1809-1815

Antique topographical instrument, surveyors measuring stick of English origin in cm. signed:
2096
€ 350,-
Baker, 244 High Holborn, London
1800-1900

Comming from Rotterdam, Henrichs Sneewins became citizen of Leiden in 1643. He was brother of Johannes Sneewins (working in Utrecht) and Antony Sneewins (working in Delft).
Henricus married Johanna van Neck in 1645 and lived on 'den Rhijn'. He was very well known for making proportional compasses, ring dials, astrolabia en pantographes. In 1658 he started working maintenance on the quadrant of Snellius from the Leiden observatory (Rooseboom).
In ‘Bronnen tot de geschiedenis der Leidsche Universiteit, third part, pag. 150’ from Molhuysen published in 1918 on behalf of the Minister of the Interior it is mentioned in the meeting of 8 Nov. 1658 that the heirs of late Henrick Snewints, in his live Mathematical Instrument Maker, ask for payment of f 250 for the work he had done on the quadrant. In a later meeting the heirs accept f 110. The work is finished by Jan Davidt (also a well known Mathematical Instrument Maker). We learn here that Hendrick Sneewins has died in 1658. His working period in Leiden was only 15 years, from 1643 to 1658.

The ring dial has a diameter of 62 mm and has the following engraved text:
Gradus Latitudinis Regionum  H. Sneewins Leydae 52.1, Stockholm 58.50, Cracov. Polon. 50., Londinum Angli. 51.32, Lutetia, Roma 42., Parisioium 48.52, Rigae 58.30, Dantiscum 54.20, Livorna 42.55, Hamburgum 53.44, Venetiae 45.20, Colonia 50.56, Franfurt a Meyn 50.2, Hispalis Sevilla 37.25.

Moedernegotie (mother trade):
6 places are Hanze-towns on the Ostzee. Around 1650 there was much trade with these cities, mainly grain and wood. Amsterdam warehouses were for more then half filled with goods from the Ostzee-trade (de moedernegotie). A special ship, the Fluit, was developed for this trade and the moedernegotie is seen as the basis of our Golden age.

In regional archives the family name of the brothers is written in many ways:
Sneewins, Sneevins, Snevens, Snevins, Snewints, Sneewints, Snewinds, Sneewinds, Snewius, Snevits, Snewintsen.
Hendrick first name can also be: Henricus, Heijndrick, Heindrich
0520
H. Sneewins, Leydae
<1643-1658

Early english universal equinoctial sundial, unsigned, diameter of 116 mm (4,6
7105
England pré
1752

Animation of the changing appearance of a Horizontal and Analemmatic sundial for latitudes of 30 degrees North to 60 degrees north.
2013
Wil Kerkhof
2014

Early sepia stained glass window with allegorical astronomical putti scene.

60 x 72 cm
4623
Allegory of Astronomy. Allégorie d'Astronomie
17e - begin 18e eeuw

Everlasting Calendar (Wahrhafter immerwæhrender Calender) by Matthæus Albrecht Lotter, Augsburg 1776
part of Globus coelestis II, plate 53
usable from 1582, the year Gregorius XIII introduced the new calendar, until the year 2125.

Copperengraving 63 x 48 cm
original hand coloring. (kalendarium, calendarium)
8487
Matthæus Albrecht Lotter, Augsburg 1776
1776

Rare diptych sundial by Mathieu Berville, who signed a 'fixed-price agreement' in 1668. The early signers in ca. 1660 are Nicolas Crucefix, Jacques Lemoyne, followed in 1668 by Charles Bloud, Gabriel Bloud, Ephraim Senecal, Jacques Senecal, Francois Saillot and later by David Postel and probably Jacques Guerard. Probably they were all 'quadranniers' who worked in Dieppe until ca. 1700.

There are no examples to be found in the following collections:
Harvard University Collection, 
Greenwich Collection,
Louvre Collection, 
Collection of Chateau Musee de Dieppe.

One Berville sundial is mentioned in the Adler Planetarium and was bought in 1964.
2257
Mathieu Berville à Dieppe
1660-1690

French mid-19th Century Planetarium, Armillary Sphere, Sphère Armillaire, Orrery

A mid-19th Century planetarium, unsigned but in the style of Charles Dien, diameter centre sunball is 3.0 cm. Has six small  ivory planetballs on separate arms revolving around it and an ivory earthball geared mechanism with ivory moonball. Stamped metal meridian circle and horizon ring (diameter 22.5 cm), raised on a turned ebonised column and plinth base. 38 cm  high.

Horisontal ring has indication of the months with 10 day indication, zodiac indication by day. Other ring has stamped EQUINOXES and SOLSTICES<BR/>orrery, armillary sphere, armillaire sphere
Other names for this item are: orrery, armillary sphere, armillaire sphere
0251
SOLD
Charles Dien ?
ca. 1850

Brass case with silvered dial. Adjustable scale from 0 to 5000 Feet
6144
Short & Mason, London
1850-1900

Wooden sundial with silvered brass hour-ring, copper engraving as windrose, brass gnome. Original paper box with ink written year 1780 on it and some Declination instructions. Box 60 x 23mm.
7260
ca. 1780

Manualy calender table instrument with indication in French of Day, Date and Month
6130

Ca 1700. 87 x 52 mm
3560
Bertelle à Paris
ca. 1700

Sundial: fecit Engelbrecht, Beraunae in Bohem 
Jan (Johan, Ioan) Engelbrecht, 1726-1807, Beraun (Bohemia, near Prag, 50 degrees) 
Dimensions: 157 x 157mm. 

Following museums have in their collection a sundial by this maker (source: Zinner): 
1776 Prag Staatsmuseum (Narodni Museum), 
1779 München Deutsches Museum, 
1783 Schloss Hohenwerfen, 
1784 London Science Museum, 
1785 Hannover Schloss Triebold, 
1785 Cambridge Whipple Museum, 
1787 Nürnberg Deutsches Museum, 
1787 Breslau Schles. Museum, 
1791 Dresden Salon, 
1792 Oxford Museum History Science, 
1792 Whipple Museum, 
1793 Marburg Physikal Institut and Dresden Salon, 
1795 Prag Staatsmuseum (Narodni Museum), 
1796 Jena Schloss Zeiss, 
1796 Prag Staatsmuseum (Narodni Museum), 
1796 Breslau Universitat Sternwarte, 
1798 Aachen Schloss Drecker. Königgrätz Stadtmuseum, 
1799 Jena Schloss Zeiss, 
1800 Prag Kunstgewerbemuseum, 
1800 Stuttgart Landesmuseum, 
1800 New York Industrial Museum, 
1800 Hannover Schloss Triebold, 
1801 Edinburgh National Museum, 
1802 Prag Staatsmuseum (Narodni Museum), 
1803 Oxford Museum History Science, 
1803 Bautzen Stadtmuseum, 
1804 Prag Staatsmuseum (Narodni Museum), 
no year: Prag Staatsmuseum (Narodni Museum), Zagreb Archiolog. Museum, Edinburgh National Museum.
1670
SOLD
Ioan Engelbrecht, Beraunensis
ca. 1750-1800

Analemmatic sundial: fecit Ioan Engelbrecht, Beraunensis, 1806
Jan (Johan, Ioan) Engelbrecht, 1726-1807, Beraun (Bohemia, near Prag, 50 degrees)
Dimensions: 157 x 188mm.

Following museums have in their collection a sundial by this maker (source: Zinner):

1776 Prag Staatsmuseum (Narodni Museum),
1779 München Deutsches Museum,
1783 Schloss Hohenwerfen,
1784 London Science Museum,
1785 Hannover Schloss Triebold,
1785 Cambridge Whipple Museum,
1787 Nürnberg Deutsches Museum,
1787 Breslau Schles. Museum,
1791 Dresden Salon,
1792 Oxford Museum History Science,
1792 Whipple Museum,
1793 Marburg Physikal Institut and Dresden Salon,
1795 Prag Staatsmuseum (Narodni Museum),
1796 Jena Schloss Zeiss,
1796 Prag Staatsmuseum (Narodni Museum),
1796 Breslau Universitat Sternwarte,
1798 Aachen Schloss Drecker. Königgrätz Stadtmuseum,
1799 Jena Schloss Zeiss,
1800 Prag Kunstgewerbemuseum,
1800 Stuttgart Landesmuseum,
1800 New York Industrial Museum,
1800 Hannover Schloss Triebold,
1801 Edinburgh National Museum,
1802 Prag Staatsmuseum (Narodni Museum),
1803 Oxford Museum History Science,
1803 Bautzen Stadtmuseum,
1804 Prag Staatsmuseum (Narodni Museum),
no year: Prag Staatsmuseum (Narodni Museum), Zagreb Archiolog. Museum, Edinburgh National Museum.
6860
SOLD
Ioan Engelbrecht, Beraunensis
1806

Dimensions: 52 x 46 x 10mm, gnome-string of 45 degrees (south of france, Bordeaux)
6886
SOLD
ca. 1660-1690

Dimensions: 58 x 49 x 10mm, gnome-string of 50 degrees (Dieppe)
6887
SOLD
1660-90

German Augsburg brass engraved and partly silvered traveling sundial with compass and level. 70 x 72mm.
2350
SOLD
LTM (Ludovicus Theodorus Müller)
ca. 1740

French 'Butterfield'-type sundial signed  'LaMaire Fils, A Paris'. In original case.
3787
SOLD
LeMaire Fils
ca 1750

Dimensions: 76 x 59 x 13mm, signed: 'C.Blovd, A.Dieppe'. This type of dial has an equatorial- and a dolar dial on top and a moon- and perpetual calender on the bottom. This dial could only be used when the magnetic declination is zero. This happened only arround 1660. By 1670 the magnetic declination was 3 degrees west.
7250
SOLD
Charles Bloud, Dieppe
ca. 1660

Magnetic azimuth dial and on top an equatorial/polar dial.  70 x 78 x 16mm.
6154
SOLD
Jacques Senecal, Dieppe
ca. 1660

Ebonised and silvered brass sundial with colored paper rose and steel needle.

Signed D. B.f. (David Beringer fecit). Beringer is recorded working in Nürnberg from ca. 1725 untill the last quart of the 18th century. Gnome 50 degrees (Nürnberg). The magnetic declination of 20 degrees date the sundial around 1760.

76 x 78 mm
0653
SOLD
David Beringer fecit
ca. 1760

Brass gilded and silvered sundial by Andreas Vogler (Augsburg) in its original paper (leather?) box. Diameter box 80mm, height 26mm
Andreas Vogler was brother of Johann Georg Vogler and became citizen of  Augsburg in 1766 and died in 1808.
7311
SOLD
Andreas Vogler
ca. 1770

Butterfield-type brass engraved traveling sundial with compass by Nicolas Bion. Bion published 'the construction and principal uses of mathematical instruments' including sundials (after the French edition of 1709). 75 x 66mm
2236
SOLD
N Bion, Paris
ca. 1700

Large brass pocket sundial in original box with adjustable gnome and changeable magnetic declination hand under the compass needle. 96 x 83 mm
5200
SOLD
Nicolas Bion, Paris
ca. 1700

Augsburg pocket sundial in original box with antique printed manual of Ludovicus Theodoris Müller. ca 1760 (magnetic declination of ca. 18 degrees). 56 x 59 mm
5208
SOLD
Andreas Vogler
ca. 1760

19th century Russian Calendar perpetual in malachite and gilded brass ornaments and interior.
In the left the Julian Calendar and on the right the Gregorian Calendar and in the middle the adjustable days of the week.
Russia used the Julian Calendar until 1918 when the Gregorian Calendar was adopted. The time difference in these days was 12 days (today it is 13 days).
Months and week-days in French, the language of the elite and intellectuals.
'V.S.' in the left kolom stands for 'vieille style' (old style) = Julian or Roman calendar.
'N.S.' in the right kolom stands for 'nouveau style' (new style) = the new Gregorian Calendar.
Pendule shaped case covered with malachite and gilded ornaments. <BR/>Interior completely gilded and original.
D x W x H = 13 x 26 x 35 cm
7678
SOLD
Russian Calendrier Perpétuel (Calendarium Perpetuum)
ca. 1860

Electrical chronometer from professor Jacques Arsène d'Arsonval used to measure the response time of nervous impressions. Constructed by Charles Versin, 7 Rue Linné, Paris en 1890.
In good working condition.
4449
SOLD
Charles Verdin voor Professor Jacques Arsène d'Arsonval
1890

Western tin astrolabe plate for 54 degrees, Diameter 179 mm, thick 1,4 mm. <BR/>On the disk are the following text engraved: 'elevato poli LIV', 'horizon oblizuus', horizon rectus', linea duluculi et crepusculi', 'linea aezvinoct, 'tropicus capricornis', 'tropic cancer'
5551
SOLD

Butterfield-type brass engraved traveling sundial with compass. 65 x 58mm
2024
SOLD
P. Le Maire, Paris
ca. 1700

Gilded pocket altimeter in leather box with inside a thermometer an a lockable compass. Scale from 0 to 6000 meter
3554
SOLD
         

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